The Common Cold
The common cold is broken up into two different types; chest cold and head cold. In addition to these is the seasonal flu. All three of these are caused by viruses. It is also likely to catch a cold by touching your eyes or nose after touching or being near germy surfaces. It is also possible to get sick by inhaling germs in the air around you. Symptoms of the chest cold as well as head cold, which can begin two or three days after infection, can include a sore throat, runny nose, a cough, and congestion. Symptoms of the flu are similar however they also include a fever, muscle soreness, and headaches.
There is not a specific cure for these types of colds. For relief of symptoms, it is best to get plenty of rest (eight hours a night), drink fluids, gargle warm salt water, use cough drops and/or throat sprays, and take over-the-counter pain medicines or cold medicines. Children should not be given aspirin to treat any of the symptoms. To prevent yourself from catching a cold follow these few steps. Avoiding close contact with people who are sick will help to prevent inhaling germs. Likewise, it is best stay away from others while you are sick. It is a good idea to remain at home for a few days to allow yourself plenty of rest as well as keep from spreading germs to others. Covering your mouth or nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing will create a barrier between germs and the air that others are breathing around you. Personal hygiene also plays a role in the greater picture as well. Washing your hands is one of the best ways to prevent the spreading of germs from surface to surface. When you use the bathroom or have gone a few hours without washing your hands, it is best to thoroughly wash your hands with soap and warm water. Avoid touching areas of the face if you have not washed your hands such as; the eyes, nose, and mouth.
Keeping yourself up to date with regular check-ups and visits to the doctor will keep your body healthy as well. The seasonal flu is incredibly easy to receive along with the common cold. Your doctor should offer services such as a flu shot which will help prevent you from receiving this disease.